Phenylethyl Alcohol Blood Agar – PEA

Phenylethyl Alcohol Blood Agar – PEA

Phenylethyl Alcohol Blood Agar (PEA) is an enriched selective medium used for the inhibition of facultative gram-negative rods and to inhibit the swarming of certain Clostridium species and Proteus species from clinical specimens.

PEA Agar Plate

E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) Growing On PEA Agar Plate

1 or 4 plates per package

Catalog #
AS-113 PEA mono plate 1 plate
AS-143 PEA mono plate 4 plates

The following products contain PEA as one of multiple components:

BRU Mono / LKV Mono / PEA Mono
BRU mono / BBE-PEA Biplate
BRU mono / PEA mono / BBE-LKV Biplate
BRU mono / PEA mono / LKV mono / BBE mono
PEA Product InsertPEA SDS

Product Description & Summary

PEA agar has a nutritive base that consists of casein, soy peptone, meat peptone, yeast extract, dextrose, hemin, and vitamin K1. The selective agent, phenylethyl alcohol, reversibly inhibits DNA synthesis and thus inhibits facultative anaerobic gram-negative bacteria such as those of the family Enterobacteriaceae. This medium will support the growth of most obligate anaerobic bacteria. Morphology of the colonies on PEA are similar to those found on enriched blood agar plates, like Brucella Blood Agar. PEA agar is especially useful in the selective isolation of anaerobes from mixed populations that contain rapidly growing gram-negative bacteria such as Proteus species. PEA agar inhibits the swarming by Proteus spp. and Clostridium septicum. This medium is prepared, dispensed, and packaged under oxygen-free conditions to prevent the formation of oxidized products prior to use.

Interpretation of Results & Limitations

If used properly, PEA will support good growth of most anaerobes found in clinical infections. PEA should inhibit the growth of facultative anaerobic gram-negative rods, like Escherichia coli and swarming of Proteus mirabilis.

PEA agar will not provide complete information for identification of bacterial isolates. Additional test procedures and media are required for complete identification. Some organisms that would normally grow on PEA agar may be inhibited. It is recommended that a non-selective medium, such as Brucella Blood Agar (BRU, catalog #: AS-111) also be inoculated from the same clinical specimen to assure recovery of all species present. Some strains of facultative organisms (which should be inhibited) may grow on PEA. A test for aerotolerance should be performed to confirm that each colony type is an obligate anaerobe. Consult reference materials for additional information.

Quality Control

The following organisms are routinely used for quality control performance testing at Anaerobe Systems.

Organism Tested ATCC # Results Time
Bacteroides fragilis 25285 Growth 24 hrs
Prevotella melaninogenica 25845 No Growth
Fusobacterium necrophorum 25286 Growth 24 hrs
Fusobacterium nucleatum 25586 No Growth
Clostridium perfringens 13124 Growth 24 hrs
Peptostreptococcus anaerobius 27337 Growth 24 hrs
Staphylococcus aureus or    Enterococcus faecalis 25923     29212 Growth 24 hrs
Escherichia coli 25922 Inhibited to No Growth
Proteus mirabilis 12453 Inhibited to No Growth
Propionibacterium acnes or Clostridium difficile 6919      9689 Growth 24 – 48 hrs

24 hrs

Product Storage & Shelf Life

Storage: Upon receipt, store at room temperature in original package until used. Avoid overheating or freezing. Do not use media if there are signs of deterioration (shrinking, cracking, or discoloration due to oxidation of media) or contamination. The expiration date applies to the product in its original packaging and stored as directed. Do not use product past the expiration date shown on the label.

Shelf Life: 90 days from date of manufacture.